Named after a notable physician, the town of Charlton was first settled around 1680 by travelers from the small village of Charlton, Worcestershire, UK. The town was formed in 1792 from the Town of Ballston immediately after Saratoga County was established. The town was previously known as "Freehold" due to the number of settlers from New Jersey.
Charlton's neighborly attitude makes it an attractive place to live or visit. This pristine town of approximately 25 square miles boasts magnificent views, vintage taverns and restaurants, a quaint general store, a town park complete with a gazebo and Veteran's Recognition Board, working dairy farms, and historic churches. The Old Schoolhouse and Historical Society Museum on Maple Avenue add to Charlton’s rich history. Residents and visitors enjoy Charlton’s annual Memorial Day Ceremony and Founders Day Weekend each first weekend in June and the annual tree lighting and carol sing at the town park.
The Town of Charlton is located in the southwest part of the Saratoga County north of Schenectady. New York State Route 67 (Amsterdam Road) is an east-west highway which intersects New York State Route 147, a north-south highway, north of West Charlton.